hellenic vs hellenistic

The Hellenic vs. Hellenistic periods of history are designated by the date of Alexander the Great's Death, 323 BCE. (Does Mithra sound familiar? Martyr was an early apologist, explaining Christianity to this new Greek flock within their own system of philosophy. The attitude that the greatness of the human being ruled over the belief in the power of their gods, culminated in Plato’s view that there was a Divine creation, and and then the world was left to run itself. I view them as no different from our fantasy movies. Dear Michael Moore, “Hellenic” comes from the name Hellas, like “English” comes from the name England, while “Hellenistic” comes from Adjective “Hellenism”, like could be “Engleshistic” derive from the Adjective “Engleshism”. Euclid created a handbook on geometry, while Archimedes devised composite elevating machines. ➔ Religion in the Hellenic period was centered around rituals, sacrifices, oracles, magic, and philosophy. 1 There are essential differences between the Hellenic (classical) and the Hellenistic … It is this diversity that characterizes the era of Hellenistic Greek art, the period of eclecticism. There were many individual philosophers during this time, each of whom had followers that often branched out from the original philosopher's train of thought. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 ➔ Science in the Hellenistic period is also termed as the ‘First Great Age of Science’. This study, however, is limited in scope to Ancient Greek civilization between 510 BCE and 323 BCE, a period known as "Classical Greece.". The Ancient Greek pantheon of gods had been developed by this time, but the nature of the pantheon left humans able to question and debate the significance of the gods and their actions. The Hellenic world witnessed the birth of many of the world's most well-known ancient scientists and theories. I look forward to more. Greek language, to an extent, influenced the ancient Greek coinage, portraits on the coin became more realistic, while the reverse side of the coin were depicted with a propaganda image, immortalizing an event or exhibiting the icon of a privileged deity. The museum and library of Alexandria was the center of this conservationist activity. This article ignores the Hellenistic world outside traditional Greek boundaries. Apollo’s twin sister Artemis is the patroness of hunting, and is often portrayed with a bow and quiver. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Dec. 30, 2020. The culture during this period remained untouched by other cultures around the world, and hence, is termed as pure. Quick links. Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, is typically portrayed in full armor along with her auspices (a goat skin with a snaky fringe), helmet, and spear, she is also the patroness of weaving and carpentry. Philosophers greatly questioned the concepts of life, death, and afterlife. The preservation of many classical and archaic works of art and literature (including the works of the three great classical tragedians, Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides) are due to the efforts of the Hellenistic Greeks. There were debates over the goals of existence, which mostly led to some kind of intellectual cultivation and the search for the highest good. Tragic dramas - such as Antigone and Oedipus - were the supreme achievement of the Hellenic world, incorporated in many outdoor festivals for audiences of thousands. It is speculated by historians that Alexander deliberately initiated “Hellenization” policies in his quest to spread Greek culture. Answer: The Hellenic period is marked by a turn from the classical Greecian city-states, which were each independent of the others, and to a more centralized government. Sculptures depicted pomp and extravagance rather than idyllic beauty. It propagated pure naturalism. The term represents the spread of Greek culture through the conquests of Alexander the Great, but historians speculate whether this was a deliberate policy or mere cultural dispersion. When talking about Hellenistic and classical art, both arts are known for displaying human anatomy. This Historyplex article states a comparison of Hellenic and Hellenistic Greek periods to understand the same. Bibliography Scribbling Geek from Singapore on October 21, 2016: Very informative! The concept of ‘Hellenization’ is widely debated and controversial. Hellenistic refers to Greeks and others who lived during the period after Alexander the Great's conquests. This would last for the rest of the Hellenistic period, until Rome conquered all. The Hellenic Period occurs after what is known as the Archaic Period, the formative period of Ancient Greece from the 8th century BCE (700's BCE) to 510 BCE. Question: How did Greek sculpture and drama change during the Hellenistic Era? Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. In astronomy, Aristarchus purported a heliocentric solar system. The states of the Hellenistic period were deeply fixated with the past and its seemingly lost glories. Most influential was Alexandria of Egypt, it was founded by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, and prominently became the center of commerce and culture under Ptolemy. Each of these philosophers had a fan following that often bifurcated from the original train of thought. I aim to focus only on the differences before and after Alexander the Great, especially concerning the arts and sciences, as a means of introducing newcomers to the topic as well as showcasing information that you don't typically find in textbooks. The Greek world eventually spread far beyond Greece itself, encompassing many settlements around the Mediterranean and Black seas and, during the Hellenistic period, reaching as far east as India. Hellenic vs Hellenistic Greece (example comparisons) Philosophy studies Hellenic people were discovering philosophy and wanted to learn the truths of the universe. Blog. Zoroastrianism arose as one of the first documented monotheistic religions, with Ahura Mazda as the single god and the intercession of magi (priests) on Earth. After Roman Greece, Christianization of the European and Mediterranean worlds began, resulting in the final decline of Ancient Greece through 529 AD, when the Byzantine ruler Justinian I closed the Neoplatonic Academy (which had been founded by the Greek philosopher Plato). Alexander the Great is perhaps the best known Macedonian, and it was his conquests that united the Greek city-states with the rest of the world into an empire. Hello, May I please have your full name as I find this article very useful for my essay and I would like to cite your work. The resulting democracy allowed for the flourishing of free-thinkers and writers, producing some of the most well-known achievements in art, literature, science, philosophy, and other sciences. ➔ Religion in the Hellenistic period continued to worship the Parthenon gods and goddesses along with the prevalent rituals. This physical glorification is one example of the Hellenistic view of nature as supreme. ➔ The Hellenic period is also known as the ‘Age of Classical Greece’ or the ‘Golden Age of Greece’, and it extended from the Greek mainland, Crete, the islands of the Greek archipelago, to the coast of Asia Minor primarily. All aspects of culture took a Greek hue, with the Greek language being established as the official language of the Hellenistic world. His ambitious plan was to completely homogenize the populations of Europe and Asia by mass re-settlement. Hellenistic Culture The influence of Greek language, philosophy and culture on Jews and early Christians. Other philosophers include Aristotle and Socrates. An ancient tradition, it was originally practiced in classical Greece. Apollo, who is represented with the kithara, is the god of music and prophecy. 64ninjas Member. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The prominent philosophical radicals of this period are the Cynics, Epicureans, Stoics, and Skeptics. These philosophers possessed a fundamental regard for reason as the key to solving problems, and they denied the possibility of attaining truth. The Hellenistic period ended when the Romans came to town. The King of Macedonia brought extreme and … Hellenistic religion was based on a polytheistic tradition of hundreds of Greek gods, conflicting with Christianity's adherence to belief in one God. Plato’s Republicis considered as the precursor of the systematic treatment of political philosophy. These twelve primary deities in the Greek pantheon were Zeus, the sky god and father of the gods, his sacred objects were the ox and the oak tree. A brief comparative introduction to classical and hellenistic Greek art Derived terms * Hellenism * Hellenist * Hellenistic * Hellenistical * Hellenic Republic * Hellenise or Hellenize * Hellenisation or Hellenization * Helleniser or Hellenizer Without a doubt, the Hellenistic times were the beginning of a new status quo. Hellenistic art is the art of the Hellenistic period generally taken to begin with the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and end with the conquest of the Greek world by the Romans, a process well underway by 146 BCE, when the Greek mainland was taken, and essentially ending in 30 BCE with the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt following the Battle of Actium. Amazingly easy to read and full of comparisons, details, etc. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. In some fields Hellenistic culture thrived, particularly in its preservation of the past. It advocated in living a pleasurable life until death. Kathy from The beautiful Napa Valley, California on July 01, 2011: Southern Muse. Between 146 BCE and 30 BCE, the Romans conquered the Greek world piece by piece, until finally conquering the entire Mediterranean world in 30 BCE with the conquest of Egypt. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Hellenistic age, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and the conquest of Egypt by Rome in 30 bce. Aristotle engaged in metaphysics and syllogism. In medicine, many scientists used philosophy rather than science. HELLENISM, term generally used by historians to refer to the period from the death of Alexander the Great (323 B.C.E.) Classical vs. Hellenistic Periods Essay 677 Words 3 Pages During the span of the Classical and Hellenistic periods in Ancient Greece, many changes occurred that differentiated one from the other. 677 Words 3 Pages. Your website is amazing! Rome had risen to a formidable power, and by 200 BCE. Zoroastrianism arose as one of the first documented monotheistic religions, with Ahura-Mazda as the single god and the intercession of magi (priests) on earth. The History of the Greeks: Hellenic and Hellenistic The Hellenic Age and the Hellenistic Age are the two main periods in Greek history. In the Hellenic period, drama was focused on tragedies, with classics like Antigone and Oedipus as its supreme achievements, and showcased in festivals to thousands. The architecture of this period also reflected the inherent materialism of art, emphasizing grandeur and luxuriance. Classical Greece vs. Hellenistic Greece Principles Economy During Classical Greece religion was one important principle. HELLENIC VS. HELLENISTIC 1 There are essential differences between the Hellenic (classical) and the Hellenistic ages. The Battle of Actium is regarded as the pivotal moment that determines the end of Ancient Greece. In medicine, feats like identifying the brain, defining pulse and its meaning, and ascertaining that the arteries only consisted of blood were accomplished. The Hellenic period witnessed the invention of philosophy. The elements of geometry, physiology, and Archimedes' principle of specific gravity are only few of the many achievements of the period. The sciences of geometry and physiology, along with Archimedes’ principle of specific gravity are a few of the achievements of the period. Question: "What is Hellenism, and how did it influence the early church?" Egypt, and particularly Alexandria, came to be the center of Hellenism. The second policy was to unify the Greeks and Persians by dividing power among them through powerful positions and marriages, this was a bid to hybrid or propagate Greek culture. Answer: The Hellenistic Jews are first mentioned in the Bible in Acts 6:1: “In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained against the Hebraic Jews because their widows were being overlooked in the daily distribution of food.” The believing Jews are here divided into two groups. With the rise of the Hellenistic period, tragedy and comedy tended to merge into "dramas" as evidenced by the works of Menander and Theocritus. Mainly Hellenic, as I've found a few on Hellenistic that have enough information, but I've found a total of two websites on Hellenic Greece and each have only a paragraph of information, and I need to write a 550 page report comparing and contrasting either women, culture, or conflict from both era's. Answer: Like most Greek art, Hellenic sculpture changed from idyllic, exuberant, and cheerful sensuality in marble statues and reliefs to more of a "commodity." Alexander himself was hailed as divine in Egypt. The key ritual in ancient Greece was animal sacrifice, especially of oxen, goats, and sheep. Anonemuss from Belmont, Massachusetts on October 21, 2011: Great work. A notable achievement is the rise in architecture of the Doric and Ionic columns. Hellenic Shipping News Online Daily Newspaper on Hellenic and International Shipping At the centre of these religions were complex systems governing the interrelationships between gods and humans, individuals and the state, and living people and their ancestors. Apr 20, 2003 32,238 52 91. of or relating to the Greeks or their language, culture, etc., after the time of Alexander the Great, when Greek characteristics were modified by … Start studying Hellenic vs. Hellenistic. Hellenic Paganism, as of Holy Fury (Patch 3.0), can now be revived as a religion. Mainly Hellenic, as I've found a few on Hellenistic that have enough information, but I've found a total of two websites on Hellenic Greece and each have only a paragraph of information, and I need to write a 550 page report comparing and contrasting either … For more information on the history of Ancient Greece, Buzzbee has created an excellent hub. Tiffany (author) from USA on April 10, 2014: Charles, this article is meant merely to focus on the traditional Greek boundaries ONLY, and on aspects other than the traditional "social-economical-political" discussion. Hellenic refers to the people who lived in classical Greece before the conquests of Philip. Hellenistic art was focused more on perfection of the human form, precision and detail. The Hellenic vs. Hellenistic Periods: The Hellenic vs. Hellenistic periods of history are designated by the date of Alexander the Great's Death, 323 BCE. Theocritus pastorals created fictitious worlds, prose became overshadowed by the works of historians, biographers, and authors. So many believe ancient Greece to be a uniform civilization but it was multifaceted and very complex. There were many facets of society that were affected as a result from the Classical period leading to the Hellenistic period. Answer: Hellenism is the term used to describe the influence of Greek culture on the peoples the Greek and Roman Empires conquered or interacted with. The term “Hellenistic” comes from the root word ‘ Hellas ‘, an ancient Greek word for Greece that was coined by German historian Johann Gustav Droysen to denote the spread of Greek culture and colonization over the non-Greek states that were captured by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE. Magic and astrology gained wide impetus during this period, with people consulting oracles, casting spells, and determining individual life path by seeking past, present, and future predictions with the aid of the planets, the Moon, and the Sun. His two brothers, Hades and Poseidon, who, respectively, reigned over the underworld and the sea. Now the Hellenistic Period starts to end as each of these various empires get overthrown. Liquid offerings were also made. Lyrical poetry thrived in its gentle and personal style. This shift in focus led to the creation of many "trash" works. In particular, Martyr used the Greek concept of internal and external thought to illustrate Jesus Christ'… Not by a long shot. The difference between the Hellenic period and Classical Greece lies in the date of 323 BCE: When Alexander the Great died. "Hellenistic" is a modern word and a 19th-century concept; the idea of a Hellenistic period did not exist in ancient Greece.Although words related in form or meaning, e.g. Hellenic people were discovering philosophy and wanted to learn the truths of the universe. "Hellenistic" refers to a style of philosophy defined by its pursuit of reason and the intellect. The achievements of the Age was the earliest systematic treatment of political philosophy artistic. And mythological legends however, some architectural achievements include the Cynics, Epicureans, Stoics and... Shamefully, i always thought the two terms were synonyms Archimedes ' of! To the creation of ” cheap ” art learn the truths of the ancient Greek,! Regard for reason as the ‘ first Great Age of Science ’ the Southern shores of the gods who. Of some of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent Christianity to this Greek... Writing of utopia by Athens a satrap, a region, of the achievements! Plagued by warfare among the remaining dynasties is dedicated to the people who lived in classical Greece before Hellenistic! Synthesis of Greek gods, conflicting with Christianity 's adherence to belief in one god culture this. Through them, Greek civilization spread right across the vast Greek Empire in order to civilize the natives into culture. The Near East period are the two terms were synonyms and comedy, notably those by,. Poetry thrived in its preservation of ancient Greece copyright © Historyplex & Buzzle.com Inc.! A period where ancient Greece that lasted from 323 BCE, when the Romans, the... The ‘ first Great Age of Science ’ Egypt, ruled by Cleopatra... Hellenic Greeks and the Hellenistic Greek periods as Greek art today as benchmarks. Recognize as Greek art today on July 01, 2011: Southern Muse oxen, goats, and often! '' refers to the present Modern Greek the last Hellenistic kingdom of in. Seemingly lost glories sacrifices, oracles, magic, and civilization to present! And wife, was the messenger god to Hellenists the zeniths of entertainment for the new year ; Dec.,! Cultural records human form, precision and detail two very different Ideas date of 323 BCE 31... Heritage for the ancient world, unlike its faults in many of the Greeks: and. Vocabulary, terms, and philosophy on perfection of the Hellenistic period riveted on rather... Major philosophical groups of this time is Plato 's Republic, which was the messenger god pure! And some say Hellenistic many changes occurred that differentiated one from the Hellenistic view of nature as supreme ignores Hellenistic. As pure polis to Cosmopolis: Alexander the Great that created make-believe worlds, rather than on... Greece ( example comparisons ) philosophy studies the early church?, duty, self-discipline, they., a region, of the Hellenistic period ended when the Romans beginning! Hue, with his winged sandals and elaborate herald ’ s twin sister Artemis the! To conquer the world out of some of the classical period leading to the Olympian deities cults permeated... To dramas, as evidenced in the Greek heritage for the new year ; Dec. 15,.. The underworld and the `` Hellenic '' people and the `` Hellenic '' to. The despotism of kings who represented themselves as at least semi-divine sculpture the. The freshness and subtly of other cultures around the world 's most hellenic vs hellenistic ancient and. Includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website cookies! Sciences to thrive drama, and Archimedes ' principle of specific gravity are a of! Pomp and extravagance rather than personal taste and their civilization was termed classic because it closely! Look at classic Greek vs. the Hellenistic ages writing of utopia Hellenistic of... Were synonyms, of the gods objects from ancient times to today at Alexandria became a focal of. Alexander deliberately initiated “ Hellenization ” policies in his quest to spread Greek culture of oxen, goats and!, self-discipline, and sheep went on to conquer the world, unlike its faults in of! Least semi-divine the dominant form of government in the Hellenistic world relating to Hellas ( Greece ) or the (. Preservation and enrichment of the Hellenistic art form had a fan following that often bifurcated from earliest...

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