louis, dauphin of france

Louis’ sorrow was so intense that his father Louis XV had to physically drag his son away from Maria Teresa Rafaela’s deathbed. Three of his sons became kings of France: Louis XVI (reign in 1774–1792), Louis XVIII (1814–1815, again in 1815–1824) and Charles X(1824… Louis o Fraunce, Dauphin o Fraunce, Son o Fraunce (Louis Ferdinand; September 1729 – 20 December 1765) wis the eldest son an hier o Keeng Louis XV niver accedit because he died o tuberculosis.He wis the faither o three kings o Fraunce. As a son of the king, Louis was a fils de France. Louis, Dauphin of France was the elder son and heir apparent of his father Louis XV, King of France. He was the first son of King Louis XVof France and Queen Marie Lesczynska. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Find the perfect Louis Dauphin Of France stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Louis XIV, king of France (1643–1715) who ruled his country during one of its most brilliant periods and who remains the symbol of absolute monarchy of the classical age. His paternal grandparents were Louis, le Grand Dauphin, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. He extended France’s eastern borders at the expense of the Habsburgs and secured the Spanish throne for his grandson. Signature. Maria Josepha, who had cared for Louis during his last illness, also contracted tuberculosis. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. Louis' governess was Madame de Ventadour. Louis and Maria Teresa Rafaela’s daughter did not survive to her second birthday, dying on April 27, 1748. Fontainebleau 1765; dauphin de France; son of Louis XV and Marie Leczinska) found : Leçons de morale, de politique et de droit public, puisées dans l'histoire de notre monarchie, ou Nouveau plan d'étude de l'histoire de France, 1773: title page (rédigé par les ordres & d'après les vues de feu Monseigneur le dauphin, pour l'instruction des princes ses enfans) At the age of 15, he was married to his second cousin, Princess Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy, the daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy and Anne Marie d'Orléans. Maria Teresa Rafaela left Spain in January 1745 and arrived at Versailles on February 21, 1745. Both of his sons also became infected. In addition, as the son of the Dauphin and grandson to the king, he was a fils de France and also second in the line of succession to his grandfather, Louis XIV after his father. Louis de France, known as “Le Grand Dauphin” or “Monseigneur”, died before his father, Louis XIV, and so never inherited the throne. As a grandson of the Dauphin, he was a Petit-Fils de France. After his succession as Louis XI of France in 1461, Louis united the Dauphiné with France, … Saved by Roger Rossi. As a son of the king, Louis was a fils de France.As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France.However, he died before ascending the throne. In March 1794, during the French Revolution, Louis and Maria Josepha’s tomb was desecrated and their remains were thrown into a mass grave. Louis of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczynska. 223–45 -, This page was last edited on 6 October 2020, at 17:31. These high-ranking aristocrats sought a return to a monarchy less absolute and less centralised, with more powers granted to the individual provinces. The one of his only son, the person supposed to become King as Louis XV after him, was particularly awful. When he was seven years old, on the 27 April 1737, he was publicly baptised and given the name of Louis. Scroll below to learn details information about Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy's salary, estimated earning, lifestyle, and Income reports. Louis was born between the eighth and ninth hours of the evening in the royal Hôtel Saint-Pol in Paris. The couple was not fond of the various entertainments held at Versailles every week and preferred to stay in their apartments. Louis was influenced by the dévots and was surrounded by a circle of people known as the faction de Bourgogne (Burgundy's faction), which was most notably made up of his old tutor François Fénelon, his old governor Paul de Beauvilliers, Duke of Saint-Aignan and his brother-in-law Charles Honoré d'Albert, Duke of Chevreuse, as well as the renowned memorialist, Louis de Rouvroy, Duke of Saint-Simon. The wedding took place on 7 December 1697 at the Palace of Versailles. Unfortunately, like several other Dauphins that preceded him, Louis died prematurely and never became King of France. Vind hoogwaardige nieuwsfoto's in een hoge resolutie op Getty Images He lost his mother when he was eight. Louis was buried in the Cathedral of Saint-Étienne in Sens. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Child of France"). He was the Dauphin of France all his life. Find the perfect Louis Dauphin Of France stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France. His grandson became Louis XV of France. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. He had three older sisters; and a younger brother, Philippe who died young. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. As the son of the king, Louis was a Fils de France. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. The one of his only son, the person supposed to become King as Louis XV after him, was particularly awful. Biography Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy is best known as a Royalty. Early life and education As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France. He married Maria Anna von Bayern (1660-1690) 1 March 1680 . L'abrégé de l'histoire : portion of an autograph manuscript with corrections by his tutor, Jacques Bénigne Bossuet, [167-?]. However, he died before ascending to the throne. Maria Josepha of Saxony; second wife of Louis, Dauphin of France; Credit – Wikipedia. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. Upon the death of Louis XIV in 1715, the Duke of Burgundy's son became King Louis XV. However, the absenteeism, ineptitude and squabbling of the aristocrats caused this system to fail, and it was soon abandoned in 1718 in favour of a return to absolute monarchy. Madame de Ventadour was credited with saving the life of Louis’ father, the future Louis XV, when a measles epidemic killed his father, mother and elder brother. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Child of France"). Louis was the eighth of twelve children of King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. Maria Teresa Rafaela, Infanta of Spain, first wife of Louis, Dauphin of France; Credit – Wikipedia. Louis (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was Dauphin of France (heir apparent to the throne) as the eldest son of King Louis XIV and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain.He became known as the Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the Petit Dauphin.As he died before his father, he never became king. The purpose of this marriage was to strengthen the alliance of Bourbon France and Bourbon Spain. His paternal grandparents were Louis, le Grand Dauphin, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. He was known as the "Petit Dauphin" to distinguish him from his father, until the latter died in April 1711. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska.Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France.As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France.However, he died before ascending to the throne. Louis granted his protection to the widow and his descendants and a pension was paid by the various governments until the extinction of the line of the victim under the Third Republic (1870 – 1940). Louis, Dauphin of France. Louis, Dauphin of France Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Childhood and Early Life. Louis Joseph Xavier François (22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was Dauphin of France as the second child and first son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. On April 8 in 1711, Wednesday in Easter week, Monseigneur, as the Dauphin was called, left the château de Versailles for his own residence, the chateau de Meudon. Unfortunately, like several other Dauphin s that preceded him, Louis died prematurely and never became King of France. Louis was born in the Palace of Versailles, the eldest son of the young 21-year-old Dauphin, Louis, who would later be called le Grand Dauphin, and his wife, Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria. He was known as the "Petit Dauphin" to distinguish him from his father, until the latter died in April 1711. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. As the heir apparent to the throne of France, he was given the traditional title of Dauphin of France. However, he died before ascending to the throne. Louis de France, dauphin du Viennois (né le 4 septembre 1729 au château de Versailles – mort le 20 décembre 1765 au château de Fontainebleau), est l'aîné des fils du roi Louis XV de France et de Navarre, et de son épouse Marie Leszczynska.. Mort avant son père, il ne fut jamais roi, mais il est le père de trois rois de France : Louis XVI, Louis XVIII et Charles X The mystery of the lost Dauphin of France began when the French government had … Biography Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy is best known as a Royalty. Found in the collection of the Museo del Prado, Madrid. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. In 1739, King Louis XV negotiated a marriage for his son Louis with Maria Teresa Rafaela, Infanta of Spain, daughter of Felipe V, King of Spain (who had been born Philippe of France, Duke of Anjou, a grandson of Louis XIV, King of France) and his second wife Elisabeth Farnese. Their view was that government should work through councils and intermediary organs between the king and the people. creatorOf: Louis, Dauphin of France, 1661-1711. In 1702, at the age of twenty, Louis was admitted by his grandfather King Louis XIV to the Conseil d'en haut (High Council), which was in charge of state secrets regarding religion, diplomacy and war. He married Maria Anna von Bayern (1660-1690) 1 March 1680 . Louis Joseph, Dauphin of France. Find more prominent pieces of portrait at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X . This match had been decided as part of the Treaty of Turin, which ended Franco-Savoyard conflicts during the Nine Years' War. Louis, Dauphin of France, 1661-1711. Learn about the artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Since, however, it was thought that the chances of survival of this frail child, now heir apparent to his seventy-three-year-old great grandfather, were minimal, a potential succession crisis loomed. Doing some shopping on Amazon? Louis Joseph Xavier François (22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was Dauphin of France as the second child and first son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Child of France"). Louis Joseph Xavier François (22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was Dauphin of France as the second child and first son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. Discover Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy Net Worth, Salary, Biography, Height, Dating, Wiki. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. He had an excellent knowledge of Latin, spoke fluent English which was rare for a prince of his time, and excelled in many other subjects. Louis Joseph Xavier François (22 October 1781 – 4 June 1789) was Dauphin of France as the second child and first son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Louis, Dauphin of France was the elder son and heir apparent of his father Louis XV, King of France.Unfortunately, like several other Dauphins that preceded him, Louis died prematurely and never became King of France. Louis was born at the Palace of Versailles.The birth of an heir-apparent to the throne had long been awaited since the tragic decimation of the French royal family in the early 1710s (see Louis XV of France).When the third pregnancy of Marie Leszczyńska resulted in a … Louis de France was born in the Palace of Versailles, the eldest son of Louis, le Grand Dauphin, and his wife Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria.At birth, he received the title of Duke of Burgundy.. Louis grew up with his younger brothers; Philippe, Duke of Anjou and Charles, Duke of Berry. Louis was the eighth of twelve children of King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. Louis Xvi Roi Louis Madame Pompadour Bourbon Joseph Jean Louis David Charles X … As a grandson of the Dauphin, he was a Petit-Fils de France. Louis and Maria Teresa Rafaela had one daughter Princess Marie Thérèse of France, born on July 19, 1746. Louis Joseph de France was the second child and first son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. Look at other dictionaries: Louis, Dauphin of France — (or of Viennois), or variations on this name, may refer to the following Dauphins of France:*Louis, Dauphin of France (1397 1415), third son of Charles VI of France, was Dauphin 1401 1415 *Louis, Dauphin of France (1661 1711), son of Louis XIV of … Wikipedia. A second marriage ceremony took place in person at the Palace of Versailles on February 9, 1747. Continued indecision led to French inactivity as messages travelled between the front and Versailles; the Allies were then able to take the initiative. Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke […] After the restoration of the monarchy, on the orders of Louis and Maria Josepha’s son King Louis XVIII, their remains were found, their tomb was restored and they reinterred at the Cathedral of Saint-Étienne in Sens, France on December 8, 1814. Louis was born at the Palace of Versailles. Scroll below to learn details information about Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy's salary, estimated earning, lifestyle, and Income reports. When he was seven-years-old, Louis was put under the care of tutors Jean-François Boyer, Bishop of Mirepoix and Joseph Giry de Saint Cyr. Until he was seven years old, Louis was raised by the royal governess Charlotte de La Motte Houdancourt, Duchess of Ventadour who had also been the governess of Louis’ father. Louis grew up with his younger brothers: Philip, Duke of Anjou, who became King Philip V of Spain; and Charles, Duke of Berry, under the supervision of the royal governess Louise de Prie. Select from premium Louis Dauphin Of France of the highest quality. However, Louis never succeeded to the throne. In the aftermath of the defeat, his hesitation to relieve the Siege of Lille led to the loss of the city and thereby allowed the Allies to make their first incursions onto French soil. Jul 27, 2015 - Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. Louis XVII, the second son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, died in captivity during the French Revolution at the age of 10. Louis, Dauphin of France, was the only surviving son of King Louis XV. Read more on Wikipedia Allegory on the Death of the Dauphin by Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, 1765; Credit – Wikipedia. Louis, Duke of Brittany (25 June 1704 – 13 April 1705) died of convulsions; Mansfield, Andrew, "The Burgundy Circle's plans to undermine Louis XIV's “absolute” state through polysynody and the high nobility", 'Intellectual History Review', Vol.27, Issue 2 (2017), pp. ‘Louis, Dauphin of France’ was created in c.1762 by Maurice Quentin de La Tour in Rococo style. Louis was born at the Palace of Versailles.As the heir apparent to the throne of France, he was given the traditional title of Dauphin of France.. Louis' governess was Madame de Ventadour.From an early age Louis took a great interest in the military arts. Upon the death of Louis XIV in 1715, the Duke of Burgundy's son became King Louis XV. Louis XVII, the second son of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, died in captivity during the French Revolution at the age of 10. Louis, Dauphin of France, was born at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France on the 4 September 1729. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France ("Child of France"). Like her husband, Maria Josepha was very devout. Select from premium Louis Dauphin Of France of the highest quality. Louis of France was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Marie Leszczyńska. Louis, Duke of Burgundy (16 August 1682 – 18 February 1712), was the eldest son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, and grandson of the reigning French monarch, King Louis XIV. He was very close to his three oldest sisters. These intermediary councils were to be made up not by commoners from the bourgeoisie (like the ministers appointed by Louis XIV) but by aristocrats who perceived themselves as the representatives of the people and would assist the king in governance and the exercise of power. Autograph signature to letter : Versailles, to the Cardinal Casanate, 1687 Jan. 17. Louis, Dauphin of France, was born at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France on the 4 September 1729. At that time he became the official Dauphin of France. In the last years of his reign, Louis XIV had to witness the demise of a lot of his family members. Fontainebleau 1765; dauphin de France; son of Louis XV and Marie Leczinska) found : Leçons de morale, de politique et de droit public, puisées dans l'histoire de notre monarchie, ou Nouveau plan d'étude de l'histoire de France, 1773: title page (rédigé par les ordres & d'après les vues de feu Monseigneur le dauphin, pour l'instruction des princes ses enfans) Louis Capet de Bourbon-Vendome of France was born 1 November 1661 in Palace of Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau, Île-de-France, France to Louis XIV of France (1638-1715) and Maria Theresa of Spain (1638-1683) and died 14 April 1711 inChâteau de Meudon, Meudon, Île-de-France, France of unspecified causes. He was their third son and the second to hold the titles Dauphin of Viennois and Duke of Guyenne, inheriting them in 1401, at the death of his older brother, Charles. His first wife’s brother Fernando VI, King of Spain offered his youngest sister Maria Antoinetta but Louis XV wanted to expand France’s diplomatic channels. Madame de Ventadour locked herself and the two-year-old future Louis XV, who was ill with the measles, in the nursery and refused to let the doctors see him. However, he died before ascending the throne. At that time he became the official Dauphin of France. He was the Dauphin of France all his life. Pierpont Morgan Library. View Louis (Dauphin of France)’s artworks on artnet. Louis was a very brilliant student. Maria Teresa Rafaela’s mother would not allow her thirteen-year-old daughter go to France until she was older. Huwelijksinzegening van Louis, Dauphin de France en Marie Therese, Infante van Spanje in de kapel van Versailles, 23 Februari 1745 Cérémonie du Mariage de Dauphin de France le XXIII Février MDCCXLC, RP-P-1968-18.jpg 3,790 × 6,050; 7.25 MB Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. However, he died before ascending to … Home; Books; Search; Support. Louis, Dauphin of France and Duke of Brittany (8 January 1707–8 March 1712) was the second son of Louis, duc de Bourgogne and Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy. For other dukes of Burgundy named Louis, see, The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of, Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Paul de Beauvilliers, Duke of Saint-Aignan, Charles Honoré d'Albert, Duke of Chevreuse, http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17496977.2016.1156346, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis,_Duke_of_Burgundy&oldid=982188642, Wikipedia references cleanup from February 2017, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from February 2017, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. Louis, Dauphin of France, was the only surviving son of King Louis XV. You can search for royalty-related items - or anything else - by using this link. He died in 1712 before his grandfather, the King. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. Louis and Maria Josepha’s restored tomb; Credit – Par Aubry Gérard — Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42182840, All content copyright Unofficial Royalty 2021. Louis Capet de Bourbon-Vendome of France was born 1 November 1661 in Palace of Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau, Île-de-France, France to Louis XIV of France (1638-1715) and Maria Theresa of Spain (1638-1683) and died 14 April 1711 inChâteau de Meudon, Meudon, Île-de-France, France of unspecified causes. Thanks! Look at other dictionaries: Louis, Dauphin of France — (or of Viennois), or variations on this name, may refer to the following Dauphins of France:*Louis, Dauphin of France (1397 1415), third son of Charles VI of France, was Dauphin 1401 1415 *Louis, Dauphin of France (1661 1711), son of Louis XIV of … Wikipedia. France and Saxony had been on opposing sides in the recent War of the Austrian Succession and a marriage between a Princess of Saxony and the Dauphin of France would form a new alliance between the two countries. As son of a king of France, he was a fils de France, and as the eldest son and heir apparent, he was Dauphin of France. He was the father of three kings of France: Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. Synopsis With much fanfare, Louis, Dauphin of France, was born heir to the French throne on September 4, 1729. Louis himself, who dearly loved his wife and who had stayed by her side throughout the fatal illness, caught the disease and died six days after her at the Château de Marly on 18 February, aged 29. 1747, Louis, Dauphin of France (1729–1765) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. She died March 13, 1767, at the age of 35 and was buried with her husband. Learn more at Biography.com. Discover Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy Net Worth, Salary, Biography, Height, Dating, Wiki. Like his sisters, Louis was an excellent musician. Moreover, overnight the broad hopes of the faction de Bourgogne were destroyed and its members would soon die of natural deaths. 15. Louis, Dauphin of France was the elder son and heir apparent of his father Louis XV, King of France. Louis, Dauphin of France (Louis-Ferdinand de France [1]) (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765), was the eldest and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. Charlotte de La Motte Houdancourt, Duchess of Ventadour, Friedrich August II, Prince-Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, Marie-Thérèse of France, Duchess of Angoulême, Unofficial Royalty Current Monarchies Websites. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska.He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. Louis, Duke of Burgundy, was the eldest son of Louis, Grand Dauphin, and grandson of the reigning French monarch, King Louis XIV. Louis was born at the Palace of Versailles.The birth of an heir-apparent to the throne had long been awaited since the tragic decimation of the French royal family in the early 1710s (see Louis XV of France).When the third pregnancy of Marie Leszczyńska resulted in a … Louis and Maria Josepha of Saxony had eight children including three Kings of France: Louis was a pious man, faithful to his wife, and concerned about the welfare and education of his children. Louis, Dauphin of France , son of King Louis XV, c. 1745. Nonetheless, some of their ideas were put into practice when, Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, as regent during Louis XV's minority, created a form of government known as polysynody, where each ministry was replaced by a council composed of aristocrats. He was the father of three kings of France: Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. Born on September 4, 1729, at the Palace of Versailles, Louis was the elder of the two sons and the fourth of the ten children of King Louis XV of France and Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of Stanisław I, King of Poland and Catherine Opalińska. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska.Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France.As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France.However, he died before ascending to the throne. Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke […] He was the first son of King Louis XV of France and Queen Marie Lesczynska. Kept away from government affairs by his father, Louis was at the center of the Dévots, a group of religiously-minded men who hoped to gain power when he succeeded to the throne. The elder, Louis, Duke of Brittany, the latest in a series of Dauphins, succumbed on 8 March, leaving his brother, the two-year-old Duke of Anjou, who was later to succeed to the throne as Louis XV. He was the Dauphin of France. Jul 27, 2015 - Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. In February 1712, his wife contracted measles and died on February 12. He died in 1712 before his grandfather, the King. Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France. Dauphin of France (/ ˈ d ɔː f ɪ n /, also UK: / d ɔː ˈ f ɪ n, ˈ d oʊ f æ̃ / US: / ˈ d oʊ f ɪ n, d oʊ ˈ f æ̃ /; French: Dauphin de France [dofɛ̃ də fʁɑ̃s] ()), originally Dauphin of Viennois (Dauphin de Viennois), was the title given to the heir apparent to the throne of France from 1350 to 1791 and 1824 to 1830. He had a younger brother, Philippe, who died as a toddler. 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